The National Flash Fiction Day competition is open! Details are on the website.
Flash Frontier Editor Gail Ingram talked this month with the 2022 NFFD judges about their books, inspiration in contents and titles – and, of course, tips for writing small fictions.
Interestingly, Kiri, the title of your poetry collection Night Swimming (2013) also refers to water, as Anne’s recent collection does.
And so, our first question: Do you think it is a New Zealand thing to write about the sea? How much are you both inspired by our environment?
Anne Kennedy: The sea does seem to be a strong pull in our literatures – I guess because most of us live within striking distance. Certainly, it’s there in the mythologies of the region, Māori and Pasifika, and in contemporary writing – Bruce Mason’s The End of the Golden Weather, the many Patricia Grace novels that are set overlooking the sea, The bone people of course, Elizabeth Knox’s Glamour and the Sea, Kirsty Gunn’s Rain, Kiri Piahana-Wong’s Night Swimming, and so many more.
Kiri Piahana-Wong: It’s understandable that so many New Zealand writers want to write about the sea – it surrounds us and is a visible, accessible, even daily part of our lives. I often write about the sea and, also, the foreshore and bush in my writing, and I have many poems about birds. My inspirations for writing have not changed much over time. I am interested in the natural world and in personal relationships.
AK: I think they have. I tend to respond to what’s going on politically, even if it’s not a direct response. I used to be all about feminism and gender, I recently wrote something about the corporatization of tertiary education, and of course, there’s climate change – you can’t ignore that.
KPW: Usually the central idea sparking my poem will dictate the form. How a poem sounds is important, and I will often read my draft poems out loud to get a sense of the rhythm of the piece. Having said that, I try not to overthink my writing process. The most important part of my process is to ‘just write’, leave the draft work for a time, and then revisit and edit.
AK: I shuttle back and forth between all those elements. But if voice (which includes rhythm, etc.) isn’t going right, I know I’m in trouble. So when voice becomes solid – which might take an agonizingly long time – that I can progress.
KPW: With my first collection, I had a big pile of poems and I looked for an order that had a good flow to it and was not jarring in terms of moving from one poem to the next. The poems were loosely linked thematically. I am working on a new collection now and I’m taking a different approach as I’m writing poems for a specific theme/central idea.
AK: I like to make a shaped book of poems, so I put a lot of thought into the arc – the sections, how one poem might open on to the next (or not).
AK: I find titles either fall into my lap, or I have to struggle with them – there’s no inbetween. I often talk to students about ‘the sub-editor’s five-to-midnight title trick’, which comes from the journalists’ idea (who of course are on a deadline) of putting several words from an article down on paper, connecting them with lines to the centre, and seeing what the next few minutes bring up. Of course, if you’re not on a strict deadline, you could sleep on it.
KPW: I have to confess I am not great with titles and often just use the first line of the poem, or I choose a single word. My writer friends who know me well often laugh at my titles. In a nice way, naturally.
AK: The thing that connects the different forms I work in is narrative – which could be anti-narrative; it doesn’t need to be traditional. For me, short form is no different – except that of course it needs to be really economical!
KPW: I like how a short form poem or piece of fiction will manage to do a lot within the constraints of a small word count. Some of the best flash fictions create a whole world in a few short lines.
AK: Ocean Vuong – poet and novelist/memoirist, for their juxtaposed lyricism and brutality.
Unsheltered, by Clare Moleta – a compelling dystopian novel in which the protagonist’s interior thought in the harsh environment draws you along. Now there’s a climate change book.
I’m late to the party, but My Mother and the Hungarians, by Frankie McMillan – exquisite, surprising pieces that seem measured on the surface but are packed with emotion. The refugee theme resounds achingly right now, vis-à-vis Ukraine.
KPW: I really like Jack Remiel Cottrell’s recent collection of short fiction. It is a marvellous example of what can be achieved with a series of short pieces. It is also just so readable and enjoyable. I am also enjoying Miriama Gemmell’s poetry. Lines from her poems stick in my mind. Other recent poetry collections that have impressed me are books by Ruby Solly, Nicole Titihuia Hawkins, Siobhan Harvey and Anne Kennedy of course.
AK: Something original, that I’ve never quite seen in that way before.
KPW: A strong piece of flash fiction should elicit a strong reaction in the reader. I want to feel sucker punched, amazed, elevated, gobsmacked or devastated.
KPW: Read a lot of short fiction so the cadences of the genre become fixed in your subconscious. All great writers are also great readers.
As I mentioned earlier, my advice is to avoid overthinking the initial writing process as you can always come back and edit later. Just write.
When you do come to edit your piece, that’s the time to pore and obsess over every word. With a short fiction piece, make every word and every punctuation mark pull its weight.
1. Be daring.
2. Sound new. Avoid clichés.
3. Read your work aloud, refining it as you go.